National Parks in Nepal: A Brief Introduction

With the diversity of flora and fauna, Nepal is geographically an amazing country. It is spread in 147181 Sq. Km. There are 10 National Parks that are the base of the wilderness exploration in Nepal. The species of various flora and fauna are sorted out  in brief:

 Mammals: 181 species

Birds: 181 species

Amphibians: 43 species

Reptiles: 100

Fish: 185 species

Butterfly: 635

Nonflowering Plants: 1120 species

Flowering Plants: 5160 species


Sagarmatha National Park (1,148 sq km)

Established in 1976 and declared as a UNESCO Nature site in 1979, Sagarmatha National Park encompasses 1148 sq km, which is located at the heart of the Khumbu region that has sheltered the tallest peak of the universe. It begins from 2845 meters and ends at 8848 meters altitude. This is a magnificent nature site, dotted with the world's impressive Himalayan peaks, Lakes and Glaciers, alpine flora and fauna along with the culturally delighting Sherpa communities. This is the area, which is the most popular trekking destination in Nepal. birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, pine, hemlock, bamboo and rhododendron types of flora can be found there. In bird  species, Himalayan monal, blood pheasant, red-billed chough, and yellow-billed chough can be found. In fauna species, musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear and red panda. Himalayan thars, langur monkeys, martens and Himalayan wolves are found.



Langtang National Park (1,710 sq km)


Chitwan National Park (932 sq km)


Rara National Park (106 sq km)

  • Rara Lake


Shey Phoksundo National Park (3,555 sq km)


Bardiya National Park ( 968 sq km)



Makalu Barun National Park (1,500 sq km)

  • Medicinal herbs, Green vegetations, Rhododendron forest, Makalu trekking trail



Banke National Park (550 sq km)

  • Green vegetation



Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park (159 sq km)



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